Autoimmune Diseases

4 types of autoimmune diseases that often attack women

- It sounds a bit unfair, but in fact it’s like this, it turns out that autoimmune diseases are known to attack women more often than men. Most cases occur in those aged 20-40 years. Why, how come?

According to autoimmune experts, autoimmune diseases are often related to hormones, especially the hormone estrogen. Well, lucky men, because basically women do have more estrogen in their bodies.

The hormone estrogen itself plays an important role in the development and growth of female sexual characteristics and the reproductive process. Not only that, its function is to regulate the function of organs and cells to regulate development and metabolism.

According to experts, many autoimmune diseases tend to get better or worse along with fluctuations in female hormones. For example, when they are pregnant, use oral contraceptives, or are in line with their menstrual cycle. Well, this is what indicates that sexual hormones may play a role in many autoimmune diseases.

So, what types of autoimmune diseases often haunt women?

  • Lupus

Lupus, whose full name is systemic lupus erythematosus, is a type of autoimmune disease that often affects women. Instead of protecting the body, the immune system of people with lupus attacks their own cells, tissues and organs. Well, this is what can lead to chronic inflammation. This disease can attack parts of the body, such as blood cells, joints, kidneys, skin, lungs, heart, brain and spinal cord. Tuh, makes you nervous right?

Most of the sufferers experience symptoms, such as weight loss, fever, pain and swelling in the joints and muscles, hair loss, and a rash on the face. According to data from experts, nine out of ten people with lupus are women. Although hormonal factors can trigger this disease, genetic makeup and environmental factors also contribute to the cause.

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)

This neurological disorder is a progressive disease that arises from a faulty immune system. Instead of protecting it, this immune system attacks the nerve protective membrane (myelin) in the brain and spinal cord . These damaged nerves will eventually harden and form scar tissue or sclerosis.

According to experts, damage to myelin can block the innervation signals being sent through the brain. As a result, there will be miscommunication between the brain and other parts of the body. But what’s troubling is that if someone attacks the brain, someone may forget or experience memory problems.

In many cases, people with MS will experience symptoms, such as difficulty walking or paralysis, tingling sensations, muscle cramps, vision problems, and problems with coordination and balance.

  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

This one is also a type of autoimmune disease that is susceptible to attacking women. This disease occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the thyroid. Patients can experience swelling at the front of the throat, like a goiter. Not only that, the symptoms of Hashimoto can also be characterized by weight gain, depression, hormonal imbalance, fatigue, and muscle or joint pain.

This disease can indeed affect anyone and at any age, but the fact is that women are more likely to develop Hashimoto’s thyroiditis than men. In fact, women are 10 times more prone to this disease, you know.

  • Graves

According to experts, this disease causes hyperthyroidism or excess thyroid hormone production. Well, someone who has this disease, the immune system will attack the thyroid gland (autoimmune), not protect the body.

The thyroid gland itself is an endocrine gland which has an important role for the body to control body activities. However, if these glands are overactive and produce more thyroid, then the edges will cause hyperthyroidism.

It seems, women should be a little alert to disease. Because according to experts, Graves’ disease generally affects women more often than men.

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