Lymphogranuloma Venereum

Know the Risk Factors That Increase Lymphogranuloma Venereum

, - There are many types of diseases transmitted through sexual contact, one of which is lymphogranuloma venereum. Chlamydia trachomatis is a type of bacteria that causes lymphogranuloma venereum that can penetrate the skin and blockages around the lymph nodes.

This disease can affect the lymph nodes or channels, external genitals, rectum, and mouth . There are also several risk factors that increase the chances of lymphogranuloma venereum, namely:

  • Male gender.

  • Have intercourse without using safety.

  • Have anal sex or oral sex or both

  • A sex worker.

  • Having sex with someone from an endemic area.

  • Frequently changing sexual partners

Also read: Watch out, Lymphogranuloma Venereum appears with STIs

Symptoms of Lymphogranuloma Venereum

Symptoms of lymphogranuloma venereum generally appear one month after the bacteria enter the body. Symptoms that appear can include:

  • Lymph fluid that comes from the lymph nodes leaves the skin

  • The rectum is bleeding or purulent

  • Sores appear on the genital area

  • Feeling pain when defecating

  • The groin area is swollen

Usually, the symptoms in the early stages are the appearance of lesions in the genital area which later develop into ulceration. Ulcerations are lesions that are shaped like craters on the skin or oral mucosa . 

Sometimes many people mistake lymphogranuloma venereum symptoms as ulcerative colitis symptoms. This is because, lymphogranuloma venereum infection is still considered rare, so its identification is not always clear.

Also Read: This Is What Happens To The Body When You Have Chlamydia

How To Diagnose Lymphogranuloma Venereum?

As explained above, the symptoms of lymphogranuloma venereum are sometimes difficult to identify because they are similar to ulcerative colitis conditions. Therefore, before diagnosing this condition, one needs to first identify lymphadenopathy and genital ulcer disorders.

Sexually transmitted disease screening also needs to be done before carrying out diagnostic steps to confirm the presence of bacteria that cause lymphogranuloma. Several methods of lymphogranuloma diagnosis that can be done, namely:

  • Chlamydia trachomatis culture . This method can be done by taking fluid samples from the lymph nodes, fluid that comes out of the ulcer and rectal tissue with the help of a needle.

  • CT scan . CT scans can be useful in detecting the cause of lymphadenopathy.

  • Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy . Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy methods can be combined with rectal and anal tissue biopsy to provide more accurate results.

  • Complement fixation test . This is an immunological test method that aims to detect specific antibodies or antigens in the blood to look for the chlamydia trachomatis bacteria .

Lymphogranuloma Venereum

The treatment to reduce the symptoms of lymphogranuloma venereum is bubonic drainage. The bubo can then be drained with a needle, surgically, or by taking antibiotics. Examples of drugs that are usually prescribed are doxycycline, erythromycin, or tetracyclines.

These drugs need to be consumed regularly for 21 days. Your partner should also be tested to detect chlamydial infection in the urethra, cervix, or rectum. This aims to break the chain of bacterial transmission

Also Read: Has Been Treated, Can Chlamydia Come Back?

If you feel you are experiencing symptoms similar to this sexually transmitted disease, don’t be embarrassed to ask your doctor to be sure. Click Talk to A Doctor in the application to contact the doctor anytime and anywhere via Chat , and Voice / Video Call . Come on, immediately download the application on the App Store or Google Play!